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中央空调水处理中冷冻水处理流程方法及原理

作者:admin 日期:2017-12-07 16:22 关键词:中央空调水处理

JINQIXIANGXINDAJIADOUDUI“ZHONGYANGKONGDIAOSHUICHULIZHONGLENGDONGSHUICHULILIUCHENGFANGFAJIYUANLI”ZHEIGEHUATIBIJIAOGANXINGQU,YAOXIANGZHIDAOZHEIGEHUATIDAAN,NEIMEWOMENSHOUXIANYAOLEJIEYIXIEYUZHIXIANGGUANDENEIRONG,XIAOBIANJINGXINZHENGLILEGAIHUATIDEXIANGGUANNEIRONG,NEIMEXIAMIANJIURANGXIAOBIANDAIDAJIAYIQILEJIEYIXIABA!

  ZHONGYANGKONGDIAOSHUICHULIDEGUOCHENGZHONG,LENGDONGSHUICHULIYESHIYIGETEBIEZHONGYAODEGUOCHENG,ZHEIYIZHISHIZHUANYERENSHIYANJIUDEFANGXIANGZHIYI,BENWENJIDAJIAXIANGXIDELAIJIESHAOLENGDONGSHUICHULIDEFANGSHI。

  LENGDONGSHUISHIZHITONGGUOZHILENGJISHIQIWENDUXIAJIANGHOUZAILIUXIANGLENGQUEGONGYIDEXUNHUANSHUI,ZHUYAOYONGYUZHONGYANGKONGDIAOHEGONGCHANGZHONGXUDIWENLENGQUEDEXITONG。

  JIULENGQUEXITONGDEGOUCHENGERYAN,LENGDONGSHUIFENWEIMIBISHIHEFEIMIBISHI,FEIMIBISHIYOUFENWEIBUFENCHANGKAISHIHEPENLINSHILIANGZHONGLEIXING。ZHONGYANGKONGDIAOLENGDONGSHUIXITONGDUOWEIMIBISHI;GONGCHANGZHONGLENGDONGSHUIXITONGDUOWEICHANGKAISHI;DAIYOUPENLINZHUANGZHIDELENGDONGSHUIXITONGZHUYAOJIANYUXUJINXINGKONGQIXIDIHEKONGZHIKONGQISHIDUDEDIFANG,RUFANGZHICHANG、DIANZIYUANQIJIANZHIZAOCHEJIANDENG。SHANGSHUJIZHONGBUTONGXINGSHIDELENGDONGSHUIXITONG,YOUZHEXUDUOGONGTONGDETEDIAN。

  冷冻水的特点

  YUYIBANXUNHUANLENGQUESHUIXIANGBIJIAOYOUYIXIAJIGETEDIAN:

  1、NONGSUOBEISHUJIBENBAOCHIBUBIAN。MIBISHILENGDONGSHUIXITONGZAIXUNHUANGUOCHENGZHONG,YOUYUBUYUKONGQIJIECHU,MEIYOUZHENGFA,SUOYISHUILIANGJIBENSHANGMEIYOUSUNSHI。BUFENCHANGKAISHILENGDONGSHUIXITONGJINSHILENGSHUICHICHANGKOUBUFENBAOLUYUKONGQIZHIZHONG,YUKONGQIZHIJIANDEJIAOHUANLIANGHENSHAO,KEYIHULVEBUJI,GUZAIXUNHUANGUOCHENGZHONGJIHUMEIYOUSHUILIANGSUNSHI。DAIYOUPENLINZHUANGZHIDELENGDONGSHUIXITONG,XIAJIZAIXUNHUANGUOCHENGZHONGYOUTESHUDEXISHIXIANXIANG,JIZAIXUNHUANGUOCHENGZHONGMEIYOUSHUILIANGSUNSHI,FANERYINKONGQIZHONGDESHUIZHENGQIJINRUXITONGERSHIXITONGZHONGDELIZINONGDUDIYUBUCHONGSHUI。YOUYUZHEIZHONGXIANXIANGZAIMOUXIEDIQUYINQILENGDONGSHUIBIANHUAJIAODA,YESHIYAOLIANGSUNSHIDEZHUYAOYINSU,YINGYINQIZHONGSHI,CAIQUXIANGYINGCUOSHI。ERZAIDONGJIYOUYUDUIKONGQIQIZENGSHIZUOYONGLENGDONGSHUIYOUYIDINGDENONGSUO。

  2、SHUIWENBIJIAODI,YIBANZAI1℃DAO20℃ZHIJIANBIANHUA,DADUOSHUZAI6℃DAO12℃ZHIJIAN。

  3、SHUICHULIYAOJIWEIYICIXINGTOURU,WEILEBAOZHENGYAOJIDEYOUXIAOXING,ZAIZHIDINGDEZHOUQINEIPAIWUHUANYAO。

  4、LENGDONGSHUIDUISHEBEIDEWEIHAIZHUYAOSHIFUSHI,CHANGYINFUSHIYUANYINCHUXIANHONGSHUIXIANXIANG。

  5、YIBANLAISHUO,ZHUSHUILIANGYUXUNHUANSHUILIANGYAOXIAOXIE。

  腐蚀机理

  LENGDONGSHUIXITONGYINQISHUILIANGJIBENBAOCHIBUBIAN,SHUIZHONGGAI、MEILIZIBUYINXUNHUANERZENGJIA,SUOYIJIEGOUQUSHIBINGBUYANZHONG。XITONGZHUYAOCUNZAIDEWENTIWEIRONGJIEYANGFUSHI,TANGANGZAISHUIZHONGYOUYUXINGCHENGWEIDIANCHIERYINQIFUSHI。FUSHIFANYINGDEGUOCHENGKEBIAOSHIWEI:

  YANGJIFANYING Fe Fe2+ + 2e

  YINJIFANYING 1/2O2+H2O+2e 20H-

  ZAISHUIZHONG Fe2+ +20H- Fe (OH)2

  QINGYANGHUAYATIEJIYIYANGHUACHENGHONGZONGSEDETIEXIU,ZHEISHILENGDONGSHUICHUXIANHONGSHUIDEZHUYAOYUANYIN。ZAICHANGKAISHIHEPENLINSHIXITONGZHONG,YOUYUXITONGBUFENBAOLUYUKONGQIZHONGHUOYUKONGQIZHIJIEJIECHU,XITONGZHONGRONGJIEYANGDEHANLIANGBIJIAOCHONGZU;ZAIMIBISHILENGDONGSHUIXITONGZHONG,RONGJIEYANGHUIYINFUSHIDEFASHENGERXUNSUXIAOHAO,BIANDEBUCHONGFEN。DANZHEIXIEXITONGRENGHUIYOUSHAOLIANGDERONGJIEYANGCUNZAI,ZHUYAOSHITONGGUOFAMEN、GUANJIETOU、BENGDEYADIANLOUJINLAIDE。CIWAI,LENGDONGSHUIXITONGSUIRANBUCHONGSHUIHENSHAO,DANRONGJIEYANGYEHUISUIZHEBUCHONGSHUIDEJIARUERDAIRUXITONGZHONG。SUOYIRONGJIEYANGSHIZAOCHENGLENGDONGSHUIXITONGFUSHIDEZHUYAOYUANYIN。

  BANSUIZHEYANGHUATIEDEFUSHIJILI,LINGYIZHONGFUSHIXUNHUANFANYINGYETONGSHIFASHENG。

  1/2 Fe3+ + Fe2 3 Fe2+

  Fe2+ +1/2O2 Fe3+

  ZHEISHIQULIZISHUIHUORUANHUASHUIFUSHIDEZHUYAOYUANYIN,YIDANXINGCHENGFUSHIFANYING,HAIYOUYIGEJIASUGUOCHENGERZHEIZHONGFUSHIZAIYANGDECUNZAIXIASHIYIGEWANGFULIANSUOFANYING。ZHEISHIYINWEIGAI、MEI、JIANDUDUIFUSHIERYANWEIBAOHUXINGLIZI,ERRUANHUASHUIYUQULIZISHUIZHENGSHIQUCHULEZHEIXIELIZI,SUOYIZAIMOUXIEYONGHUCHUXIANSHEBEIYINIANJIUCHUANKONGFUSHIXIANXIANG,CONGSHUICHULIFANGMIANJIANG,MIFENGSHIXITONGYANJINSHIYONGQULIZISHUIHUORUANHUASHUI。LINGWAICl-DENGFUSHIXINGLIZIYECANJIALEFANYINGQIEFUSHIYINSUJIAODUO,ZHEILIBU—YIXUSHU。WEIJINGJIAYAOCHULIDELENGDONGSHUIXITONGFUSHIYANZHONG。

  药剂的选择

  GENJULENGDONGSHUISHANGSHUDEZHUYAOFUSHIYUANYIN,FENBIEDUIGESUANYAN、YAXIAOSUANYAN、LINSUANYAN、GUISUANYAN、MUSUANYAN、XINYANJIYOUJISUAN、LIUNIAO、LIUCHUN、ZUOLINDENGYAOJIJINXINGDUIBISHIYAN,YINQIZHONGGESUANYANYANZHONGWURANHUANJING、YAXIAOSUANNADEZHIAIYUANYINERQIZHIBUYONG。

  WOMENYITIANJINZILAISHUIWEISHIYANYONGSHUI,CAIYONGGUAPIANFA,DUIDANYIJIFUPEIYAOJIJINXINGYIXILIEFUSHISHIYAN,GENJUJIEGUOJISHIJIANJINGYAN,SHAIXUANCHUJUDAIBIAOXINGDEJIZHONGFUPEIYAOJI。

  LINXI、GUIXI、MUXISANLEIFUPEIYAOJIZAIHUANSHIFANGMIANJUNQUDELELIANGHAODEXIAOGUO,GUAPIANFUSHILVYUANYUANDIYUGUOJIABIAOZHUN。GUIXIFUPEIYAOJISUIRANXIAOGUOHAO、JIAGEBIANYI,DANYINYISHENGCHENGGUIGOUQIEBUYIQUCHU,SHIYONGSHISHENZHONG。MUXIFUPEIYAOJIHUANSHIXIAOGUOHAO,QIELENGDONGSHUIZHONGYAOLIANGSUNSHIBUDA,JINGJISHANGKEYIJIESHOU。WOMENYOUYIXIANGTONGDEPEIFANGDUISICHUANMOUCHANGLENGDONGSHUIJINXINGDUIBISHIYAN,QIJIEGUOYUSHANGSHUYIZHI。

  LINXIYUMUXIYAOJIXIANGBI,MUXIZHUYAOYIXIFUMO、CHENDIANMOYUANLIHUANSHI,QIXIAOGUOKEYISHITANGANGFUSHILVXIAODAOJIHUCEBUCHULAI,QIQUEDIANJIUSHIYONGLIANGJIAODA,FUPEIYAOJIYONGLIANGDAYU2000ppm,CHENGBENJIAOGAO;ERLINXIYAOJIZHUYAOJIARUCHUYANGJIDENGDUOZHONGXINGSHIJINXINGHUANSHI,YONGLIANGJIAOXIAO,YIBANWEI500ppmZUOYOU,CHENGBENDIXIE,DANXIAOGUOBURUMUXIPEIFANG。

  JINJINIAN,GUOJIAGONGYESHUICHULIGONGCHENGJISHUYANJIUZHONGXIN,ZHENDUILENGDONGSHUIHECAINUANSHUIXITONGDETEDIAN,KAIFACHUYIZHONGXINXINGDEDIMUYAOJITS-52706,YONGLIANGWEI100—500ppm,TANGANGFUSHILVJIHUWEILING,QIZUGOUHUANSHIXIAOGUOFEICHANGYOUXIU,ZHUANMENSHIYONGYUMIBIXITONG。

  冷冻水处理药剂损失

  l、 YOUYUXITONGBENSHENMIBIXINGBUQIANG,ZAIMOUXIEJIEKOUJIBENGCHUYOUXIELOUXIANXIANG,YAOLIANGSUIZHILIUSHI。YIBANQINGKUANGXIA,SUNSHIDEYAOLIANGZHANZONGYAOLIANGDE1%YI10%。DANZAIMOUXIEXITONG,XIELOUDAIZOUDEYAOLIANGWEIZHUYAOSUNSHI;YINWEILENGDONGSHUIXITONGZHUSHUILIANGJIAOXIAO,ZHIYOUJIGEZHIJISHIGELIFANG,XIELOUYIGELIFANGYEHUIZAIJITIANHUOJISHITIANXITONGLIDESHUIJIUHUIZHIHUANYICI。MOUXIEXITONGYINIANHUIBUHAOJICIYAO,SHENZHIMEIYUEDOUBU。

  2、XITONGBENSHENYAOXIFUYIXIEYAOJI,QISUNSHILIANGHENXIAO,YUEZHANZONGYAOLIANGDE1%ZUOYOU。

  3、ZAIMOUXIEDAIYOUPENLINZHUANGZHIDELENGDONGSHUIXITONGZHONG,YOUYUXISHIZUOYONG,XITONGSHUILIANGZENGJIAERFASHENGYILIUZAOCHENGYAOJISUNSHI。

  4、SHIYONGLINXIPEIFANG,YINCHUYANGJIDEXIAOHAOERBIXUDINGSHIBUYAO,ZHOUQIWEI1~2YUE/MEICI。

  加药方式

  LENGDONGSHUIYAOLIANGSUNSHIJIAOXIAO,DANWEILEBAOZHENGYAOJIZAISHUIZHONGDEYOUXIAOXING,XURENWEIDEJINXINGYOUGUILVDEPAIWU、BUSHUI、JIAYAO。MUQIAN,DUILENGDONGSHUIZHONGJIAYAODEJIANGESHIJIANHAIWEIJIANBAODAO,ZHEILIJIESHAOJIZHONGFANGFA。

  1、 GENJUSHUIZHIJIANCEJIEGUOBUDINGQIJIAYAO。

  2 、LIANXUJIAYAO:JILIANXUDIXIAOLIANGPAISHUIYUBUSHUI,TONGSHILIANXUJIAYAO。

  3、 DINGQIJIAYAO:JIMEIGEYIDINGSHIJIAN,HUANSHUIJIAYAO。YINHUANSHUIHUIDAIZOUDALIANGDELENGNENG,GUCIFANGFAYIBANCAIYONGBUFENPAISHUIBUSHUIJINXING,YEYOUCAIYONGGEJIGEYUEHUANDIAOBUFENLENGDONGSHUI、BUCHONGBUFENYAOJIDEFANGFA。

  4 、ZIDONGKONGZHIJIAYAO:XIANCHANGKETONGGUOYIQIFANYINGLENGDONGSHUIDEDIANDAOLV、PAIWULIANGDENGLAIKONGZHIJIAYAO。HAIYOUGENGXIANJINDEFANGFASHITONGGUOFANYINGYAOJIZHONGSHIZONGLIZIHANLIANGDEYIQILAIKONGZHIJIAYAO。ZHEIZHONGFANGFADEYOUDIANSHIXIANCHANGCAOZUOFANGBIAN,JIESHENGRENLIWULI,JIESHENGYAOJI。DANCILEIYIQIJIAGEJIAOGAO,SUOYIJINZAIDAXINGZHONGYANGKONGDIAOXITONGZHONGSHIYONG。

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